Alatay - is the most northern ridge of Tien-Shan, formed an arch
witch is a little bit extended in the southern direction. The central
part of this ridge is towered between the "Kumbel" pass
in the west and "Amanzhol" pass in the east. In this region
the altitude of peaks reaches 5017 m above see-level
than 370 glaciers, with total area of 540 sq. m, are placed in the
central part of Zailiiskiy Alatay. This ridge is cut by deep valleys,
from it's northern slope take their beginnings following rivers:
Uzun-Kargali, Chemolgan, Kaskelen, Aksai, Bolshaiya & Malaya
Almatinki, Talgar, Issyk, Turgen, running into "Ili" river.
But as for southern slope, it's a short valleys with small rivers
the "Zailiiskiy Alatay" after Talgar region the Almaty's
gorge region is the most popular between the alpinists & it's
Bagdanovitch glacier. From the geographical point of view the glacier
concerns to gorge of Talgar left, but the most convenient campaigns
to it's peaks are from the Almaty's gorge side.
are interesting in following gorges: "Bolshoe Almatinskoe",
"Aksaiskoe", "Karagalinskoe", "Kaskelenskoe",
"Chemolganskoe" -these are tops where people have
the Zailiiskiy Alatay there are picturesque valleys planted
by Tian-Shian's fir in the summer the Alpine meadows dazzle
by different colors. Severity of highlands is majestic.
From the Almaty's side the approaches to the tops are short
& convenient. All that attract the attention not only
the alpinists of Kazakhstan but of all CIS.
for geographical situation, first highlands reached 4000 m are situated
closer to beginnings of rivers "Uzun-Kargaly" & "Malyi
Kemin". The main crest of Zailiiskiy Alatay in the eastern
direction from Kumbel pass (3661 m) sharply changes the direction
from eastern to southern.
in the Kargaly pass region Uzun-Kargalinskiy branch takes it's beginning.
Here are peaks "Tumannaya" (4170m), "Teketau"
(4190 m), "Uzlovaya" (4150 m) & 7 unnamed peaks
the main ridge & it's branches 4 snow peaks are situated, their
altitude are higher than 4000 m. Between unnamed peak (4094) &
Ak-kum peak, in a distance of 19 km main ridge surrounds the Kaskelen
river pool from southern part. In this district "Tohsan-Attyn"
(4040), "Kukulakbashi" (3920 m), "Akkum" (4098
m) peaks are situated. In the branch that goes from main ridge,
"Okjetpes" rocky top (4100 m) goes up.
top (4350 m) is situated to the north from "Akkum" peak,.
From here to the north (35 km) Kaskelen branch goes. It's 1st and
2nd km separate "Kraevedov" & "Shitnikova"
the same place ice-snow top "Jolpak" is towered (4400
m). Sharp rocky "Mir" peak (4300 m) is situated here,
walls of which have the plumbs of 600 m. After the peak, ridge goes
in northen direction. In this region 4 rocky tops (from 4000 to
4200 m) that have never been reached.
show their interest in not so big and not so investigated
pool of "Aksai" river
Between "Tur" and "Bezymyannaya" tops
(4250 m) in a distance of 10 km Zailiiskiy Alatay takes northern-eastern
direction. "Shitnikova" (about 4300 m), "Promejutochnaiya"
(4220 m), "20 let KazGmi" (4240 m), "Lunina"
(4280 m), "Uzlovaiya Aksaiskaia" (4200 m) peaks
are situated in this district.
"Bogdan Hmelnitskii" brench stretches between eastern
source of left & of middle "Aksai" in a distance
of 8 km. There are 6 rocky tops, including "Bogdan Hmelnitskii"
peak (4150m). Middle & Right "Aksai" rivers
are divided by small branch.
eastern part Aksai" river pool is limited by "Aksai"
branch, stretched to the north on 18 km. Here are 3 tops to the
north from "Aksai" pass (3650 m) & only "Pervomaiskii"
peak (4050 m) is climbed. Aksai has 2 branches. 1st has 3 tops:
"Lokomotivets" (4250 m) & 2 unnamed, noticed as 4050
m & 3950 m. 2nd goes from the "Lunina" top and divides
the valleys of "Aksai" & "Almaty" rivers.
"Bolshaya Almatinka" river that in the western part of
Almaty is done by the confluence of "Prohodnaya" &
big Almaty's branch branches off from main gorge at the "Almaty
Alagir" top (4223 m). At the beginning it goes to the north,
then from the "Korniznaya" top (3899 m) sharply turns
to the north-west towards "Bezymyannaya" top (3850 m)
and then they are branched out. It's main branch goes to the north-west.
To the north from "Tourist" peak (3965m) this branch goes
down to the "Djussaly-Kezen" pass (3200 m).
peak (4191 m), "Ozernaya" top (4100 m), "Bezymyannaya"
top (4200 m) are towered there. All it's northern branches are slight,
only one of them, that divides "Chernyi" & "Gorodetskii"
glaciers, has 3 tops, their altitude more than 4000 m.
Eastern board of "Bolshaya Almatinka" pool is a huge branch
that calls "Malyi Almatinskyi" with total extension of
more than 40 km. "Molodaya Gvardiya" (4394 m), "Oleg
Koshevoi" (4253 m), "Iskra" (4219 m) peaks raise
here. To the north from "Molodaya Gvardiya" towards "Talgar
left" there is gorge of alpinists with 4 tops: "Sovetskih
Alpinistov" (4379 m), "SGU" (4522 m) & unnamed
with notices 4101 and 3875 m.
is necessary to mention a spur in the region of "Bolshaya Almatinka"
pool that goes from "Lokomotive" top, towards "Bolshoe
Almatinskoe" lake. There are 2 tops: "Gorelnik" (4000
m) & "pik Sovetov" (4317 m).
most closer to Almaty is a valley of "Malaya Almatinka"
river. The way to this valley begins in the Dostic prospect,
one of the most beautiful streets of our city.
You can find there a "Mayakovstiy" peak. It's highest
part consists of limestone of marble, the rest consists of red
granite. Destroyed ridge of the "Patriotic war" peak
(4050 m) & "Manshuk Mametovaya" peak (4194 m),
are situated after the "Mayakovstiy" peak.
"Uchitel" peak (4045 m), "Pioner" peak (4031
m) are situated after "Manshuk Mametovaya" pass.
branch of "Malo-Almatinskii" spur stretches about 7 km.
At the very beginning, there are "Karlitau" top (4100
m) & it's neighbor "Komsomol" peak (4376 m) that is
perfectly seen from Almaty. Geographical characteristic of "Malo-Almatinskii"
will be completed If we mention it's ridges where climbers can find
very interesting places for ascents.
central part of Zailiiskiy Alatay made of igneous rock. That's
why, mainly in the central part, it is possible to find the
remains of metamorphized of igneous rock. Zailiiskiy Alatay
climate is very favorable & it profitable differs from arid
continental climate. That's why dazzled mountains are the most
favorable zones for having a rest & sport. A lot of tourists
routs, Sanatoriums, health centers, "Chimbulak" ski
base, "Tuiuk Su" alp camp and famous mountain ski-rink
"Medeo" where were made a lot of recordsm, are placed
can conditionally divide the valleys of Zailiiskiy Alatay into several
climatic zones. From 900 to 1500 m above see-level, it is zone of
steppe. Average annual of rainfall is about 850mm
zone is from 1500 to 2700 m. It's a zone of coniferous. Here is
mountain climate. The temperature below zero is from november to
march here. December is the coldest month. Middle temperature is
about - 6,3 but as for the average annual it's - 3,6. A lot of snow
allows you to make interesting ski-tours. Very often, May &
beginning of June are cold and rainy. The hottest month is July.
The middle temperature is + 19.
zone begins from 2700 m above see-level & comes to end at the
altitude of 3500 m. Snow covers the lend during 8 months. Middle
temperature of the coldest month (February) is -12, but there were
the years when temperature was below -28. The summer is short and
not so hot. Middle temperature of july is +7,7 , annual -2.
of glaciers is situated higher than 3500 m. Landscape and climate
are more severe here, the weather is changeable. In the glaciers
average annual temperature is -6, as for coldest month it is - 15,5,
sometimes frost is about - 35. Summer is short. Middle temperature
of July is +2,8 but sometimes in sunny days the temperature grows
up to +17,5. All who want to mountaineer here, for the first time,
have to know that tailings of avalanches is possible, below the
note of 2500-2600 m, in march and April. In May avalanches are also
possible. At the beginning of July, plenty of precipitations can
provoke a mudflow.
the winter, January and February are the most favorable months for
mountaineer as for the summer, they are June - September.
the suburbs of Almaty, there are, rare vicinity of climatic zones.
If you make a crossing in a distance of 100 km you will be able
to get acquainted with all possible climatic zones. From steppes
of Zailiiskiy Alatay have varied flora. That counts about 1000 sorts.
More than a half grows at the altitude of 1300 - 1700 m. But not
all of themes are inoffensive. You may meet there one of the most
dangerous & poisonous for the people plant, as: Yasinets shirokolistyi
and Djungarskyi akonit. You may bring lighted match to Yasinets
shirokolistyi and a fire will be around it but will make no harm
to this plant, that's why Yasinets shirokolistyi has another name
- Neopalimaya Kupina, that means nonburning.
As for Djungarskyi akonit (or Issyk-kulskyi koren) it grows everywhere.
If Yasinets shirokolistyi gives you only a burn, Djungarskyi akonit
even in small dose , in most cases, is deadly.
the valleys of rivers you can see a plenty of raspberry-bush. But
most of all amazes Tian-Shan's spruce.
world of Zailiiskiy Alatay is extremely varied. The goats reside
in the zone of woods and also marals, bears, foxes, badgers, wild
boars, wild cats, trots etc., live here. You will find lot of birds
Mountain goats "Tau-Teke" and his enemy snow leopard live
among labyrinths of rocks.